On this day in 1518 – the Treaty of London was celebrated with a mass in St Paul’s

The Treaty of London was the brain child of Cardinal Wolsey in attempt for universal peace. Wolsey invited all European countries to London, with the exception of Turkey, in an attempt to end all warfare between the countries in Europe. The treaty was initiated on 2nd October 1518 by England and France, who were the first two signatories it was followed by other nations and the Pope. The agreement established a defensive league. They would agree to uphold peace across Europe and make war upon any nation that broke the Treaty.

The Treaty allowed Henry greater standing in Europe and England fast became the third most powerful nation behind France and Spain. For the majority of the time the treaty was upheld, there were wars between Denmark and Sweden that lasted just a few years and an alliance of England and Spain against France.

On 3rd October 1518 Cardinal Wolsey sang a mass at St Paul’s Cathedral for King Henry VIII and the French ambassadors following the signing of the Treaty of London the day before. A speech was also delivered by Chief Secretary, Richard Pace following this the King, Cardinal Wolsey and the French ambassadors stood in front of the high altar where the articles of peace were read and oaths were took to uphold the treaty. Following the ceremony the attendants dined in the palace of the Bishop of London before travelling to Durham House where they attended a sumptuous banquet.

(c) Leeds Museums and Galleries (book); Supplied by The Public Catalogue Foundation

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