Tag Archives: Mary of Guise

On this day in 1543 – Mary of Guise and Mary Queen of Scots fled Linlithgow Palace

Mary, Queen of Scots was just six days old when she inherited the Scottish throne after the death of her father, King James V.

Upon the King’s death Cardinal Beaton claimed custody of the infant Queen, claiming that the King had written in his will thatMary of Guise the Cardinal becomes Regent, however the Cardinal’s opponents dismissed this claim as a forgery and even accused Mary of Guise and the Cardinal of having undue intimacy. The Cardinal was arrested and the Regency passed to the Earl of Arran.

The Earl of Arran kept the new Queen and her mother at Linlithgow Palace where they were being kept under a watchful eye and the Earl of Arran even negotiated the Treaty of Greenwich with King Henry VIII and agreed that Mary, Queen of Scots would marry the future King Edward VI . On the 23rd July 1543 with the aid of Cardinal Beaton, Mary of Guise fled the castle with her daughter to Stirling Castle. The Earl of Arran initially resisted allowing the move but was overruled when the Cardinal’s supporters gathered around Linlithgow and the Earl of Lennox eventually escorted the pair from the Palace with the help of 3500 men.

It was at Stirling Castle where Mary was crowned Queen of Scotland on 9th September 1543.

Infant Mary Queen of ScotAbove – Mary of Guise

Left – An infant Mary Queen of Scots

On this day in 1512 – King James V was born

On 10th April 1512 James V of Scotland was born to King James IV and Margaret Tudor, daughter of Henry VII. James was born at Linlithgow Palace and instantly received the titles Duke of Rothesay and Prince and Great Steward of Scotland. King James IV was killed at the Battle of Flodden Field in 1513 and aged just 17 months James became the new King of Scotland.

King James V was crowned on 21st September 1513 at Stirling Castle. As he was still a minority his court was ruled by regents led by his mother, Margaret. Margaret’s control over the council ended when she remarried the following year. The regency passed to John Stewart, 2nd Duke of Albany.

In 1524 King James V was proclaimed a ruler in his own right and dismissed his Regents. However, James’ independent rule would not be easy his mother’s husband Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus, held the King in his custody for three years and attempted to exercise power on his behalf. There were many attempts to rescue the King over the three years. Upon escape James removed Douglas and his family by sending them into exile.

In 1536 King James entered into a marriage contract with Mary of Bourbon, the daughter of the Duke of Vendôme. James set sail to France to he met Mary in person before going on to meet King Francis I. On 1st January 1537 instead of marrying Mary he married Madeleine of Valois, daughter of King Francis I, in Notre Dame, Paris. Only seven months after their wedding Madeleine died. The following year James married Mary of Guise and they had one surviving child, Mary.

In 1541 the King’s mother, Margaret died this removed any remaining ties to England. War soon broke out between the two countries. The Scottish armies were defeated at the Battle of Solway Moss. James was taken ill after the defeat and in the last days of his life his wife gave birth to a daughter, Mary.

King James V died on 15th December 1542 and was buried at Holyrood Abbey, Edinburgh. His daughter Mary took the throne aged just six days old and later became known as Mary, Queen of Scots.

James V