Tag Archives: Pilgrimage of Grace

On this day in 1536 – King Henry VIII wrote to the Duke of Suffolk regarding the Pilgrimage of Grace rebellion

On 19th October 1536 King Henry VIII wrote to the Duke of Suffolk, Charles Brandon, regarding the Pilgrimage of Grace rebels he wrote;

You are to use all dexterity in getting the harness and weapons of the said rebels brought in to Lincoln or other sure places, and cause all the boats on the Humber or means of passage into Yorkshire to be taken up. After this, if it appear to you by due proof that the rebels have since their retires from Lincoln attempted any new rebellion, you shall, with your forces run upon them and with all extremity ‘destroy, burn, and kill man, woman, and child the terrible example of all others, and specially the town of Louth because to this rebellion took his beginning in the same.’ We have sent you this day a good sum of money, and will send more as required.”

Henry also wrote to the Earl of Derby on the same day;

We lately commanded you to make ready your forces and go to the earl of Shrewsbury, our lieutenant to suppress the rebellion in the North; but having since heard of an insurrection attempted about the abbey of Salley in Lancashire, where the abbot and monks have been restored by the traitors, we now desire you immediately to repress it, to apprehend the captains and either have them immediately executed as traitors or sent up to us. We leave it, however, to your discretion to go elsewhere in case of greater emergency. You are to take the said abbot and monks forth with violence and have them hanged without delay in their monks’ apparel, and see that no town or village begin to assemble.”

Henry wanted the rebellion dealt with swiftly and effectively in order to stop anymore uprisings. His message to Brandon was clear.

Pilgrimage badgeThe badge worn by the Pilgrimage of Grace rebels

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On this day in 1542 – Sir Henry Clifford died

Sir Henry Clifford was born in 1493 to Henry, 10th Baron de Clifford and his wife Anne.

Clifford’s father spent many years in hiding after a bill of attainder was passed against his family for his father John’s killing of Edmund Plantagenet. It was only after the defeat of King Richard III that Henry came out of hiding and took up his role of 10th Baron de Clifford.

The younger Henry Clifford grew up in the court of King Henry VIII and was knighted at the king’s coronation and in 1522 he was appointed the Sheriff of Yorkshire and after the passing of his father he also became the Sheriff of Westmorland in 1523.

On 18th June 1525 Henry VIII created Clifford the 1st Earl of Cumberland in an attempt to reinforce the Scottish borders. He was also made Warden of the West Marches and Governor of Carlisle Castle. In 1536 Clifford refused to support the Pilgrimage of Grace rebellion and for his loyalty was made a Knight of the Garter by the king in 1537.

Henry Clifford died on 22nd April 1542 and was buried in Holy Trinity Church, Skipton.

Henry Clifford tomb