Tag Archives: St Paul’s

On this day in 1588 – A service of thanksgiving was held for the victory over the Spanish Armada

On 20th August 1588 a service of thanksgiving was held at St Paul’s in London to give thanks for the English victory over the Spanish and the Armada that had been sent by King Philip of Spain to invade and conquer England.

elizabeth I thanksgiving armadaElizabeth I travelling to St Paul’s for the thanksgiving service

Queen Elizabeth believed that the victory was down to the ‘Protestant wind’ that was sent by God that scattered the Armada and damaged many of their ships despite the fact that Lord Howard of Effingham and Sir Francis Drake guided the English navy through many of the battles and skirmishes that they encountered.

Elizabeth commissioned a special medal to celebrate the victory that was inscribed with the words ‘Flavit Jehovah et Dissipati Sunt’ which meant ‘God blew and they were scattered’

Armada medal

The medal commissioned for the victory over the Spanish Armada

You can read more about the Spanish Armada here:

Part One – http://wp.me/p5LWKn-as

Part Two – http://wp.me/p5LWKn-aG

On this day in 1509 – King Henry VII’s body was taken to St Paul’s

On 9th May 1509 King Henry VII’s body was taken to St Paul’s where he lay in state until his chapel was ready at Westminster Abbey where he would lie with his wife, Elizabeth of York.

An account by James Peller Malcolm in Londinium redivivum stated;

“On the 9th of May, 1509, the body of Henry VII. Was placed in a chariot, covered with black cloth of gold, which was drawn by five spirited horses, whose trappings were of black velvet, adorned with quishions of gold. The effigies of his Majesty lay upon the corpse, dressed in his regal habiliments. The carriage had suspended on it banners of arms, titles, and pedigrees. A number of prelates preceded the body, who were followed by the deceased king’s servants; after it were nine mourners. Six hundred men bearing torches surrounded the chariot.

The chariot was met in St George’s Fields by all the priests and clergy of London and its neighbourhood; and at London Bridge by the Lord Mayor, aldermen, and common council, in black. To render this awful scene sublimely grand, the way was lined with children, who held burning tapers: those, with the flashes of great torches, who red rays, darting in every direction upon glittering objects, and embroidered copes, showing the solemn pace, uplifted eyes and mournful countenances, must have formed a noble picture. The slow, monotonous notes of the chaunt, mixed with the sonorous tones of the great bells, were not less grateful to the ear. When the body had arrived at St Pauls, which was superbly illuminated, it was taken from the chariot and carried to the choir, where it was placed beneath a hearse arrayed with all the accompaniments of death. A solemn mass and dirge were then sung, and a sermon preached by the Bishop of Rochester. It rested all night in the church. On the following day the procession recommenced in the same mannor, except that Sir Edward Howard rode before, on a fine charger, clothed with drapery on which was the king’s arms.

We will now suppose him removed by six lords from his chariot to the hearse prepared for him, formed by nine pillars, set full of burning tapers, enclosed by a double railing; view him placed under it, and his effigies on a rich pall of gold; close to him the nine mourners; near them knights bearing banners of saints, and surrounded by officers of arms. The prelates, abbot, prior, and convent, and priests, in measured paces, silently taking their places; when breaking through the awful pause, Garter King-at-Arms cried, with an audible voice, ‘Pray for the soul of the noble prince, Henry the Seventh, late king of this realm.’ A deep peal from the organ and choir answers in a chaunt of placebo and the dirge; the sounds die away, and with them the whole assembly retires.”

Henry VII tomb